Research shows that the best treatments for chronic low back pain include Physiotherapy. The Physiotherapist will assess your condition and educate your about how you can reduce your back pain, improve your body mechanics to minimize stress/strain on your back, improve muscle strength, and improve your ability to perform everday, work, and sport's activities. Early Physiotherapy intervention is most effective as soon as back pain begins.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition of the spine that affects the lower vertrae, causing the vertrae to slip forward. Symptoms may include persistent lower back pain, stiffness in back and legs, lower back tenderness, tight hamstrings and gluteal muscles, tingling and/or numbness in the legs. Spondylolisthesis can vary based on age, however all ages are susceptible based on lifestyle and family history. X-rays and CT scans are used to diagnosis spondylolisthesis and the severeity of the slip.
Treatments can include but are not limited to: a back brace, physiotherapy, physical therapy exercises and manual joint mobilization to improve the joint above and below the Spondylolisthesis.
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt prior to puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. Approximately 2% of the population will have a scoliotic curvature in their spine and approximately 10% of these cases are severe.
Pain relief for scoliosis can be achieved through a variety of techniques:
- Electrotherapy modalities such as Ultrasound, Tens, IFC
- Strengthening of lengthened weakened muscles
- Stretching of tight shortened muscles
- Supportive postural taping
As pain and inflammation settles, your physiotherapist will prescribe exercises to improve the strength and flexibility of your muscles in your back on either side of the scoliosis. They will also include adjacent areas such as the hip and shoulder region that may impact your spinal alignment.