Sprains, Strains, Tendinitis, Bursitis, Contusions
Physiotherapists provide immediate treatment for sprains of ligament, strains of muscles, or tendons, irritation of bursae, and contusion (areas of bruising). Physiotherapy helps reduce pain and swelling, restores movement in muscles and joints, improves strength, stability, coordination, and balance, and safely restores you to optimal physical performance.
Below is an example of a sprain and how a physiotherapist can help treat a strain.
Lateral Ankle Sprain
A sprained ankle occurs when your ankle ligaments are overstretched. Ankle sprains vary in their severity, from a mild "twisted ankle" or "rolled ankle" to a severe complete rupture of ligaments, or break/ fracture of bones.
Ankle sprains can occur simply by rolling your ankle. Common examples of this are planting your foot awkwardly when running, landing unbalanced from a jump or stepping onto an irregular surface.
Signs of a sprained ankle are swelling, bruising and pain, and tenderness to touch along the sides of the ankle. A person with this sprain might have trouble walking and standing, in which crutches and/or a walking boot or ankle brace may be needed to help stabilize the ankle.
Physiotherapy can help to reduce pain and inflammation in the ankle by using modalities such as ultrasound, shockwave, laser, heat and ice.
A physiotherapist can provide exercises that would help to regain balance and strength in the ankle and in all the other muscles in the leg to avoid repeat injuries. Joint mobility is also restored by hands on techniques used by the physiotherapist.